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From 1918 to 1945 - The inter-war period and hardships time

  The triumphal tricolore

1919 :

The 152nd regiment of Foot and the 11th regiment of Dragoons are established in Colmar.


A public agency for low-cost housing is set up to try and cope with the acute housing shortage.

1924 :

Colmar becomes the seat of the Agricultural Chamber of the Upper Rhine.

1928 :

The "Colmar Trial" of the leaders of the Alsatian autonomist movement, following the Alsatian  malaise aroused, among other things, by the declarations of Edouard Herriot, the then Prime Minister, on 17 June 1924, when he attempted to speed up the application of the whole of the French legal code in Alsace. This caused considerable protest in Alsace, where concern was mounting over the threat to the region´s confessional status


1936 :

Colmar´s population reaches 49,448 inhabitants.


1937 :

Inauguration of the new Louis Pasteur hospital.

1939 :

 September 1st, France is at war again.

1940 :

On June 17th, the Germans roll into Colmar and Alsace is annexed. On August 30th, the Rapp monument is destroyed, followed on  September 9th by the Bruat monument. A brutal Germanization and Nazification programme comes into force.

A resistance network is formed in November, helping escaped prisoners of war to pass over the Vosges.

1942 :

Everybody between the ages of 10 and 18 is forced to join the Hitler youth (2 January).

The Germans break up the Colmar resistance network and throw the leaders into prison.

On August 25th, military service becomes obligatory in Alsace and Moselle. In blatant disregard of international laws and human decency, 130,000 young men are forced to wear the uniforms of the Wehrmacht and the Waffen SS. 40,000 of them would die in the battles.

1944 :

An ammunition train blows up in the goods station on  September 18th, causing considerable damage over a 1-kilometer radius. The same night, police swoops bring in around fifty local figures who are subsequently deported to Germany.


1945 :

On February 2nd, the city is liberated after fierce fighting around the "Colmar pocket". General de Gaulle marches into the city on

 February 10th, and General Rapp´s statue is later restored to its rightful pedestal.

General  de Gaulle first came to Colmar on February 10th 1945,

returning on November 20th 1959 as President of the Republic.

  The liberation of Colmar